Omar Khayyám in movies

In a recent paper Milad Minakar, Amir Hossein Chitsazian study Omar Khayyam’s Rubaiyat in English and Persian language feature and non-biographical movies.

A still from Queen of Desert

The aim is to expound any relationships between the film and Rubaiyat; therefore, according to the type of the applied quatrain, movie genre, plot, some categories are propounded to classify the movies in which Khayyam’s quatrains are quoted such as Transiency-Death, Transiency-Carpe Diem, Heaven and Hell, and Determinism. Indeed, these categories can be applied to the theme of the movies or a single scene in which the stanza is quoted.

Milad Minakar, Amir Hossein Chitsazian (2020). The Study of Rubaiyat attributed to Khayyam in Movies . In: CINEJ Cinema Journal, Vol. 8, nr. 2 (2020), p. 324-352
DOI 10.5195/cinej.2020.271

Friedrich Rosen: orientalist and diplomat

In the recently published Friedrich Rosen. Orientalist scholarship and international politics Amir Theilhaber describes the diplomatic career and scholarly-literary productions of Friedrich Rosen “to investigate how politics influenced knowledge generated about the “Orient” and charts the roles knowledge played in political decision-making regarding extra-European regions. This is pursued through analyses of Germans in British imperialist contexts, cultures of lowly diplomatic encounters in Middle Eastern cities, Persian poetry in translation, prestigious Orientalist congresses in northern climes,leveraging knowledge in high-stakes diplomatic encounters, and the making of Germany’s Islam policy up to the Great War.”

An extensive chapter 6 deals with Omar Khayyam’s Ruba’iyat and Rumi’s Masnavi, in the context of politics and scholarship of translating Persian Poetry.

Friedrich Rosen. Orientalist scholarship and international politics. Amir Theilhaber. Berlin, Munich, Boston: De Gruyter Oldenbourg, 2020. viii, 627 pp. ISBN: 978-3-11-063925-4.
Also available as Open Access document.

Friedrich Rosen

Irankultur.com shows a short article about Friedrich Rosen, the well known German translator of Omar Khayyám’s rubáiyát.
Friedrich Rosen (1856-1935) was an orientalist, a diplomat und a politician. From May till October 1921 he was also German minister of foreign affairs. From 1916 till he was appointed as German envoy in The Hague, in the Netherlands.

See: Friedrich Rosen und die Übersetzung der Rubajat Omar Chayyams in: Irankultur.com 17 Dez. 2020

See also a recent post about Amir Theilhaber’s recently published biography: Friedrich Rosen. Orientalist scholarship and international politics (Berlin 2020)

Omar’s birthday

Today, May 18, Omar Khayyám’s birthday is celebrated worldwide, maybe more so now that Google produced a ‘doodle’ representing the famous poet-scientist. This novelty was picked up by various news websites and newspapers, all acknowledging the old scientist’s reputation as a man of science, poetry and wisdom.

The Google search engine provides over 3 million results when you search for ‘Omar Khayyám’, which is rather depressing than motivating to do any further studies on Khayyám. So here is a selection of some recent books on Khayyám and his rubáiyát.

The Great ‘Umar Khayyám. A Global Reception of the Rubáiyát. A.A. Seyed-Gohrab. Leiden, Leiden University Press, 2012. 267 p. (Iranian Studies Series). ISBN: 9789087281571. [Online available at Open Access]
This volume collects eighteen essays on the history of the reception of ‘Umar Khayyám in various literary traditions, exploring how his philosophy of doubt, carpe diem, hedonism, and in vino veritas has inspired generations of poets, novelists, painters, musicians, calligraphers and film-makers.

FitzGerald’s Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám. Popularity and Neglect. Edited by Adrian Poole, Christine van Ruymbeke, William H. Martin and Sandra Mason. Anthem Press, 2011.
240 p. ISBN 9780857287816.
This volume of essays is based on a conference held in July 2009 at Trinity College, Cambridge to celebrate the bicentenary of the birth of Edward FitzGerald (1809) and the 150th anniversary of the first publication of his ‘Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám’ (1859).

The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám. An updated bibliography. Jos Coumans. Amsterdam, Leiden University Press, 2010. 250 p. ISBN: 978-908-72-8096-3.
The bibliography lists a new selection and description of more than 1.000 editions of the Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám.

A book of verse. The biography of the Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám. Garry Garrard. Stroud, Sutton, 2007. 270 p. ISBN: 978-0-7509-4631-5 (Hardback).
The book tells the story of how The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám has provided delight and fascination for centuries.

The Art of Omar Khayyam. Illustrating FitzGerald’s Rubaiyat. William H. Martin & Sandra Mason. London-New York, Tauris, 2007. 184 p. Index. ISBN 978-84511-282-0.
The authors tell the story of the popularity of FitzGerald’s Rubaiyat, and survey how different illustrators have approached the task of interpreting the individual themes and topics of this poem.”

The wine of wisdom. The life, poetry and philosophy of Omar Khayyam. Mehdi Aminrazavi. Oxford, Oneworld Publishing, 2005. 396 p. ISBN: 1-85168-355-0.
Philosopher, mathematician, scientist, and mystic – his many different identities are examined here in detail, creating a coherent picture of this complex and often misunderstood figure.

There are numerous websites on Omar Khayyám as well, but there is one that stands out as a platform for discussion and exchanging information: Omar Khayyam Rubaiyat.

For a more detailed and up to date survey of books and articles see Omar Khayyám.

New Rubáiyát recordings

We received a notification recently that Librivox has again released a Rubaiyat recording. It is called “A multilingual Rubáiyát”: 14 recordings including a version in Dutch as well as in English, French, German, Greek, Italian and Spanish.

The translations featured in this recording are as follows:

First Edition
French translation by Charles Grolleau
Italian translation by Fulvia Faruffini
German translation by Walter Fraenzel
Spanish translation by Ismael Enrique Arciniegas
Dutch translation by Christiaan Leendert van Balen Jr.
Fourth Edition
Spanish translation by Jose Castellot
Fifth Edition
Italian translation by Mario Chini
French translation by James Henry Hallard
Greek translation by Ernest Crawley
Italian translation by Diego Angeli  – Summary by algy pug

More information is available at the LibriVox catalog page.

Orlando Greenwood

Danton O’Day has sent a message that he has come across some information revealing that Orlando Greenwood, a well-known British artist, has illustrated specific quatrains from FitzGerald’s first version of the Rubaiyat. Most likely these pictures were not published, since they were done around the start of WWI, but there may be several copies of them out there. If someone has some of these or if they have any other information about them, please let him know (email: danton.oday@utoronto.ca).

New editions – 2018

Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám. [Translated by Edward FitzGerald; decorated by william Morris]. London, Folio Society, 2018. 23 pp.

This edition of The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám is a facsimile of British Library Add MS 37832, created in 1872. It employs the translation of Edward Fitzgerald, first published in 1859. It was calligraphically written by William Morris and decorated by him with painted and illuminated borders. The figures in the borders were designed by Morris and Sir Edward Burne-Jones, and were painted by Charles Fairfax Murray.

Frank Unger illustrates the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, 1906.Danton O’Day. Emeritus Books, 2018. 96 pp. ISBN 978-0-46-471984-7.

The watercolours in Unger’s original volume are bound in Moroccan leather that is gilt-embossed with an artistic rendering of the title, „Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám“, plus gilt corner designs on the front and back covers—a design incorporated into this new softcover offering. An Introduction to Unger’s book and A Look Back at Unger’s Contribution put his work into context dealing with issues such as how the artist put his personal spin on FitzGerald’s translations.

Omar Chayyam. Vierzeiler.Übersetzt von Adolf Friedrich Graf von Schack. [Edited by Karl-Maria Guth]. Berlin, Contumax – Hofenberg, 2018. 88 p. ISBN: 978-3-7437-2477-8.

Reprint based on the 1878 edition by Von Schack.

Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám.Rendered into English verse by Edward FitzGerald. With drawings by Edmund J. Sullivan. Norwalk, Easton Press, 2018. 320 p.

De luxe edition. Reprint of the first edition, 1913 publiahed by Methuen & Co., London.
Printed on archival quality paper. All edges gilt, and issued in a slip case, with title and ornaments in gold.

Omar Khayyam Rubaiyat. With paintings by Gizella Varga Sinai. Compiled by Németh Ágnes. Budapest, Kossuth Kiadó, 2018. [Unpag., ca. 117 pp.] ISBN: 978-963-09-9198-8.

Selection of 60 quatrains; English by Edward FitzGerald, Hungarian by Szabó Lörinc and Persian version by Sadeq Hedayat. Illustrated throughout in full page colour illustrations by Gizella Varga Sinai, with page ornaments by Afshin Najafzadeh. Introduction by Pouran Boroumand.